A pantoum is a Malaysian form of oral poetry that features repeating lines that change meaning throughout the poem.
The essence of the pantoum form is a pattern of repetition of lines.
In the first stanza, none of the four lines repeats.
After the first stanza, the repetition begins:
- The first line of the new stanza is a repeat of the second line in the previous stanza
- The third line of the new stanza is a repeat of the fourth line in the previous stanza.
- The second and fourth lines of the new stanza are new lines, not seen before.
But then in the next stanza, those new lines come back as the first and third lines of the new stanza! So they get reused in their turn.